|Education Basic Facts|
|No. of Years of Primary Education||12|
|Major Universities||University of Bhutan|
|Primary School Enrollment (Total)||171, 817 (2016)|
|Tertiary School Enrollment (Total)||15, 174 (2016)|
|Ministry/ Ministries Supervising Education||Ministry of Education Department of Adult and Higher Education|
|Education as % of GDP||18.4% (2014)|
|Current Head||Mr. Norbu Wangchuk|
|Agency Handling TVET||Ministry of Labour and Human Resources (MoLHR)|
|Current Head||Mr. Norb|
|Formal TVET System (Source: UNESCO-UNEVOC)||Formal TVET system
TVET is offered at the secondary education level. At the middle secondary education level, students are able to take pre-vocational subjects provided according to local needs and the availability of equipment, local traditions, indigenous knowledge and skills. Students are required to pass an examination to attend general upper secondary or vocational and technical education. The duration of TVET programs varies from six months to two years and the subjects are linked to the needs of the Bhutanese labor market and economy. Specifically elective courses focus on providing skills for the development of the following key industries:
In addition to TVET programs offered at the upper secondary education level, the Institute of Zorigchusum Thimphu and Institute of Zorigchusum Tashiyangste vocational training institutes also offer long TVET programs lasting up to six years, in wood carving, painting and tailoring.
TVET at the tertiary level is offered through institutions accredited to the Royal University of Bhutan and providers registered with the Department of Occupational Standards. TVET programs can be part-time or full-time and are conducted in a number of colleges and vocational institutes. Most TVET programs last four years and focus on engineering, technology, business administration, and education. Medicine programs last five years.
Non-formal and informal TVET systems
Non-formal, or alternative modes of TVET in Bhutan includes the following:
Apprentice training programs are provided through a contract between an apprentice and an employer. Training periods normally last six to nine months, and in some cases one year, and aim to provide students with appropriate skills and competencies for the world of work. The apprentice training program covers all sectors, but mostly concentrates on the service and hospitality sector;
Special skills development programs are geared towards the training of armed forces and special needs groups in vocational skills. Some examples of organizations providing such programs are the Dratshang Lhentshog, the Royal Bhutan Police, Draktsho, RENEW and the Royal Bhutan Army;
Village skills development programs provide skills training for villagers and aim to enhance the quality of life in the rural community, enhance community participation, and promote lifelong learning and sustainable development in the rural community. Instructors, tools and training materials are sent to villages and the training is conducted in the villages and communities themselves; and
Skills training programs aim to address the immediate human resource requirements in the labor market through skills training. Some of the skills training program initiatives include the Youth Employment Skills, Graduate Skills Program, and the Skills for Employment and Entrepreneur Development Programs.
Currently there is no information on informal TVET in the Kingdom of Bhutan.
|Type of NVQS||
Bhutan Vocational Qualifications Framework (BQF) serves as a point of reference for all qualifications and contains information on qualifications for various local and international stakeholders.
|Levels of NVQS||
|TVET Financing||Formal TVET programmes offered by middle and upper secondary education level vocational education and technical training institutes are funded by the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Labour and Human Resources. Other actors involved in financing non-formal TVET programmes include the private sector through PPP and Employee Education and Training Funds (EEFE), and other national governments.|
- UNESCO-UNEVOC (2014). Bhutan. Accessed on April 6, 2016 at http://www.unevoc.unesco.org/go.php?q=World+TVET+Database&lang=en&ct=BTN
- Webpage of the Ministry of Education Bhutan. Accessed on April 6, 2017 at http://www.molhr.gov.bt/molhr/
- 3. Webpage of the Ministry of Labor and Human Resources Bhutan. Accessed on April 6, 2017 at http://www.molhr.gov.bt/molhr/
|Partner Ministry/Organization||Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Labor and Human Resource (MoLHR)|
|Liaison Officer||Ambassador Singye Dorjee
Department of SAARC and Regional Organizations
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
|Recent Programs Held in the Country||2016: In-Country Program on TVET Pathways to Sustainable Development. October 17-21, 2016
2015: In-Country Program and National Seminar on Entrepreneurship Education. October 5-9, 2015. 2014: In-Country Program on Image-Building of TVET. October 7-11, 2014
2013: In-Country Program on Developing Generic Skills for Employment Mobility. October 7-11, 2013.
2011: Special In-Country Program on Developing Champion Leaders for Skills Development for Poverty Alleviation. August 22-25, 2011.
2011: In-Country Program on Total Quality Management for TVET. April 5-9, 2011.
|Address of Embassy/Consulate in Manila||N/A|
|GDP||$2.085 billion (2014, 165th)|
|GDP Per Capita||$2,590 (2015)|
|Currency||Bhutanese Ngultrum (BTN) = 100 chhertum|
|Major Exports||electricity (to India), cardamom, gypsum, timber, handicrafts, cement, fruit, precious stones, spices|
|Major Imports||fuel and lubricants, grain, aircraft, machinery and parts, vehicles, fabrics, rice|
|Major Industries||cement, wood products, processed fruits, alcoholic beverages, calcium carbide, tourism|
|Major Export Partners||India 83.8%, Hong Kong 10.8%|
|Major Import Partners||India 72.3%, South Korea 6%|
|Foreign Exchange Reserves||$1,103 million (2015)|
|Ease of Doing Business Rank||176 (out of 190)|
|Population below Poverty Line||12%|
|Gini Coefficient||38.7 (2012)|
|Competitiveness Rank||97th (out of 138)|
|Ease of Doing Business Rank||73rd (out of 190)|
|Employment Rate||97.1% (2013, est.)|
|Unemployment Rate||2.9% (2013, est.)|
|Type of Government||Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy|
|Head of State||King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck|
|Head of Government||Tshering Tobgay|
|Legislating Body/Bodies||Parliament of Bhutan (Gyelyong Tsokhang)
Upper House: National Council
Lower House: National Assembly