fiji


TVET System

No. of years of Primary Education 8
Major Universities The University of the South Pacific, Fiji National University, The University of Fiji
Primary School Enrollment (Total) 103,160 (2015, UNESCO)
Tertiary School Enrollment (Total) No Data
Ministry/ Ministries Supervising Education Ministry of Education
Education as % of GDP 3.88% (2013, UNESCO)
Current Education Minister (2018) Hon. Aiyaz Sayed-Khaiyum
Agency Handling TVET Ministry of Education, Ministry of Agriculture
Current Head (TVET Agency CEO, Director or Officer-in-charge, 2018) Ms. Alison Burchell
Permanent Secretary
Ministry of Education, Heritage, and Arts
TVET System of Fiji Fijian Law ensures all children, without bias, have access to education under the responsibility of the MOE. The government has drawn up educational programs such as the formulation of policies that will cater the needs of the students, raising the quality of relevant education, and making students less dependent on the labor market but capable of venturing into self-employment after completion of their course.

School based TVET systems in Fiji are looked after by the Ministry of Education (MOE), both in formal academic and post-secondary levels. The Technical College of Fiji (TCF), with 12 campuses all over Fiji, is a stand-alone technical institution managed by the MOE. Monfort Boys Town, although a private vocational institute, receives annual funding from the MOE.

The Fiji National University provides a range of TVET programs such as Agriculture, Engineering, Construction, Tourism & Hospitality, Housekeeping Services & Accommodation, Cookery & Baking, and Forestry among others. These programs are offered at certificate, diploma, and degree levels. The institution is a self-governing body but receives large portion of its annual grant from the Fiji Government.

Private TVET institutions like APTECH Computer School, are sectioned under the Ministry of Education for registration and recognition certification. Other private TVET providers with agriculture based-training such as Tutu Vocational Centre are supported and funded by the Ministry of Agriculture. The Ministry of Forestry provides forestry skills training at the Forestry School in Colo-i-Suva named Timber Industry Training Centre (TITC). They also provide short “upskilling” training courses for those already working in the forestry/timber industry. USP’s School of Education provides TVET teachers training programs at the certificate, diploma and degree levels for those who wish to pursue teaching as a career. These programs provide technology-based knowledge rather than industry-based training. USP is managed and funded by 12 Pacific island countries however the Fijian Government contributes a large portion of the USP Fund.

The tables below show the structure of Formal TVET (Table 1) and statistics for students enrolled in Formal TVET in 2014 through to 2017 (Table 2).

Table 1: Structure of Formal TVET

fiji_table1

Note. Reprinted from National Vocational Qualifications and Certifications System of Maldives, by Riyaz. Retrieved from National Vocational Qualification Systems of CPSC Member Countries 2017, CPSC.

Table 2: Students Enrolment in Formal TVET

fiji_table2

Note. Reprinted from National Vocational Qualifications and Certifications System of Maldives, by Riyaz. Retrieved from National Vocational Qualification Systems of CPSC Member Countries 2017, CPSC.

In an effort to promote and improve the image of TVET, the TVET section was renamed Technology & Employment Skills Training (TEST) in 2013, as per the MOE. Also implemented by the MOE is the Skills Training For Employment (STFE) policy, for improved delivery of Technical and Vocational Skills programs in private institutions, non formal training providers, traditional and resource owners, relevant ministries and tertiary institutions to ensure quality standards, recognition and value of the program as an important component of training, human resource development and employment throughout Fiji.

The Pacific Regional Initiatives for the Delivery of Basic Education (PRIDE) is a Project jointly funded by the EU and New Zealand to assist the relevant authorities in the improvement of TVET in 15 South Pacific nations, including Fiji.
Qualification Framework The Fiji Qualification Framework is devised by the Fiji Higher Education Commission (FHEC), which operates under the MOE. The FHEC are the primary regulator of quality assurance, national qualification framework, standards, certification, accreditation, acts, policy, funding and training in Fiji. All TVET providers are sanctioned under the commission.

The FQF has three (3) key education sectors:
  • School Sector
  • TVET Sector
  • Higher Education Sector

fiji_figure1

Figure 1. The National Qualifications Framework of Fiji
Note. Figure from National Vocational Qualifications and Certifications System of Maldives, by Riyaz. Retrieved from National Vocational Qualification Systems of CPSC Member Countries 2017, CPSC.
Levels of NVQS The Fiji Qualifications Framework (FQF) has 10 levels:
  • Level 1: Certificate 1
  • Level 2: Certificate 2
  • Level 3: Certificate 3
  • Level 4: Certificate 4
  • Level 5: Diploma
  • Level 6: Advanced Diploma
  • Level 7: Bachelor’s Degree
  • Level 8: Post Graduate
  • Level 9: Master Degree
  • Level 10: Doctorate Degree
TVET Financing Overall the TVET sector draws the majority of its funding from three sources – annual budget allocations from MoF, grant aid-in-kind from development partners, and tuition fees.

Table 3. Indicative funding of TVET provision in Fiji, 2012-13 (FJ$ ‘000s)

fiji_table3

Note. Reprinted from Australian Council for Educational Research by Maglen et al. Retrieved from https://research.acer.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1020&context=transitions_misc

FNU is by far the largest TVET institution in terms of funding received in Fiji, and is able to draw its funding from a broader range of sources than can other, smaller, national and regional providers. One such source the university can draw on, the national training levy grant scheme. The gross amount annually raised by the university from this source is estimated at around FJ$12 million.

Whilst MoE vocational schools can and do charge tuition fees (The only major source of revenue outside of MoF budget allocations and grant aid-in-kind), other line ministry training programs are tuition free, and for them the only sources of finance are the annual MoF allocations.

Grant aid-in-kind from Fiji’s development partners comes principally from Australia, mostly in the form of the support given to the Fijian operations of APTC, but also in some scholarship assistance administered through PSC.

fiji_figure2

Figure 2. Funding of TVET, by source, 2012-13
Note. Figure from Australian Council for Educational Research by Maglen et al. Retrieved from https://research.acer.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1020&context=transitions_misc

TVET providers with agriculture based-training such as Tutu Vocational Centre are supported and funded by the Ministry of Agriculture.

References:

About the PRIDE Project. (2018, January 02). Retrieved August 16, 2018, from https://www.usp.ac.fj/index.php?id=pride_home0

Fiji. (n.d.). Retrieved August 16, 2018, from
http://education.stateuniversity.com/pages/466/Fiji.html

Maglen, L., Wall, M. W., & Manaini, R. (2015). Research into the financing of technical and vocational education and training (TVET) in the Pacific : Fiji : Country report. Retrieved August 20, 2018, from
https://research.acer.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1020&context=transitions_misc

Rakona, M. (2017) National Vocational Qualifications and Certifications System of Fiji. In National Vocational Qualification Systems of CPSC Member Countries(pp. 85-98). Manila: CPSC. doi:978-971-8557-98-3

TEST. (n.d.). Retrieved August 16, 2018, from
http://www.education.gov.fj/index.php/g/moe-departments/technical-vocational-education-training

Tuisawau, A. S. (2009). Reorienting TVET Policy Towards Education for Sustainable Development. Retrieved August 16, 2018.

CPSC Membership

Partner Ministry/Organization Ministry of Education and Public Service Commission
Liaison Officer Ms. Alison Burchell
Permanent Secretary
Ministry of Education, Heritage, and Arts
Suva, Fiji
Recent Programs Held in the Country 2015: In-Country Program on Industry-Academia Collaborations and Partnerships. April 20-24, 2015
2013: (1) Special In-Country Program and National Seminar on Champion Leaders’ Development on TVET Skills for Poverty Alleviation. December 2-6, 2013. (2) 2013: In-Country Program on Web-based Teaching and Learning System in TVET. April 22-26, 2013.
2012: In-Country Program on Developing E-Learning Contents in TVET. April 10-14, 2012.
Ambassador N/A
Address of Embassy/Consulate in Manila Fijian Honorary Consulate in Manila, Philippines
Executive Offices, JMP Bldg.
Jose Cruz St., Brgy. Ugong
Pasig City, Manila, Philippines

Economy

GDP $4.556 billion (2015), 152nd
GDP Per Capita $4,926 (2015)
Currency Fijian Dollar (FJD) = 100 cents
Major Exports Agricultural products, fish
Major Imports machinery and transport equipment, petroleum products, food, chemicals
Major Industries sugar, garments, gold, timber, fish, molasses, coconut oil
Major Export Partners US 14.6%, Australia 13.2%, Japan 6.9%, Samoa 5.8%, Tonga 5.1%
Major Import Partners Singapore 32.8%, Australia 15.5%, New Zealand 14.5%, China 10.7%
Foreign Exchange Reserves $963.7 million (2015)
Inflation 3%
Population below Poverty Line 31%
Gini Coefficient 42.8 (moderately unequal)
Competitiveness Rank not reported
Ease of Doing Business Rank 97rd (out of 190)
Employment Rate 93.4% (2013, est.)
Unemployment Rate 7.6% (2013, est.)

Politics

fiji-president-george-konroteGeorge Konrote (Fiji Government)

Type of Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
Head of State George Konrote (President)
Head of Government Frank Bainimarama (Prime Minister)
Legislating Body/Bodies Parliament of Fiji

Social Facts

fijiansImage by Paul Harris / Getty Images

Time zone UTC + 12:00
Human Development Index 0.727 (high, 90th out of 180)
Literacy Rate not reported
% of people with internet access 46.33% (413,331)
Life Expectancy 69.72 years (Males: 66.93, Females: 72.89)
Drives on the Left
Calling code +679
ISO 3166 code FJ
Internet TLD .fj