TVET Syatem

No. of years of Primary Education 11
Major Universities Universiti Malaya, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Universiti Teknologi Petronas, Universiti Utara Malaysia
Primary School Enrollment (Total) 2.68 Million (2016)
Tertiary School Enrollment (Total) 0.8 Million (2016)
Ministry/ Ministries Supervising Education Ministry of Education, Ministry of Higher Education
Education as % of GDP 4.83% (UNESCO, 2016)
Current Education Minister (2018) Dr Maszlee Malik
Agency Handling TVET Ministry of Higher Education, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Human Resources, Department of Polytechnic and Community College Education
Current Head (TVET Agency CEO, Director or Officer-in-charge, 2018) YBhg. Prof. Dato' Dr. Mohd Ismail bin Abd Aziz
Director General
Department of Polytechnic and Community College Education (DPCCE)
Formal and non formal TVET System Per the Education Act of 1996, education from the primary level through to the post secondary level is provided for Malaysians. Also included are teacher, special, religious, private, and technical education programmes.

The MOE has strengthened TVET within the secondary school level so that students at the Sijil Kemahiran Malaysia (SKM) level will also possess these skills, even if they did not perform well in the Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia (SPM) examination. Aside from the addition of 22 vocational subjects to national secondary schools, the MOE has enhanced the technical and vocational curriculum and boosted ties with the industry by attracting more enrollees into the vocational courses offered in technical secondary schools through campaigns and initiatives ,such as the Kuala Lumpur Declaration, to improve the perception of TVET. Further plans are in place to strengthen TVET lower down the educational levels, going as far down as upper-primary levels.


Figure 1. Malaysian Education Pathways
Note. Figure adapted from Study Malaysia. Retrieved from

School leavers can venture into:
  1. Skills sector
  2. Vocational/Technical sector
  3. Higher Education sector
All three avenues are open to those who have completed SPM, and may acquire TVET qualification from providers in all three sectors, with qualifications ranging from certificate to bachelor’s degree levels, awarded by the Department for Skills Development or the MOHR.

UPSR (Standard 6) leavers may undertake PAV, followed by vocational colleges and training institutes. The qualifications offered include certificate, diploma, Diploma Vokasional Malaysia (DVM), advanced diploma, and bachelor’s degree (vocational education).

Those who have completed SPM (upper secondary) can enroll at MOHE’s Kolej Komuniti, polytechnics or MTUN (Malaysia Technical University Network) for vocational education to pursue certificate, diploma and advanced diploma qualifications. The STPM/Matriculation school leavers and Diploma holders can advance to MTUN’s bachelor’s degree qualifications.

Outside the formal sector, the Ministry of Human Resources (MOHR), has been driving the training sector with the introduction of 14 industrial training institutes (ITIs), with the objective of increasing the pool of Knowledge workers (K-workers), who would possess technical, social, and learning competence through apprenticeship programmes in various key industrial skills.

Types of NVQS Malaysian Qualifications Agency (MQA) Accredited:
  1. Universities under MOHE
  2. Polytechnics
  3. Community Colleges
  4. Other academic and vocational education institutes
Department of Skills Development (Ministry of Human Resources) Accredited:
  1. Skills training programs
Levels of NVQS There are five levels of skills qualifications as defined by the National Skills Qualification Framework, as shown below.

Table 1. Definition of Skills Qualification Level 1 to 5


Note. Reprinted from Study Malaysia. Retrieved from
TVET Financing Double Deduction Incentive for Training (DDIT) and Human Resource Development Fund (HRDF)
TVET Reforms The Malaysian Government has pushed for reforms to TVET in the country.

Human Resources Minister M Kula Segaran was quoted as saying “There are about seven Ministries which are involved in TVET training. There must be a stop to the overlapping of the various TVET [functions] in the country, in which we spend nearly RM4.5 billion yearly. There is also the issue of the under-utilisation of the TVET function, as there is a 30% vacancy in most TVET [institutions].”

Kula Segaran said his Ministry, which has the most TVETs in the country, will assist Nurul Izzah, the TVET Taskforce Chairperson and PKR Vice-President, in the reform process.


Technical and vocational education and training (TVET) in Malaysia. (2016, October 12). Retrieved August 13, 2018, from

Surendran, S. (2018, June 25). Government steps up efforts to reform TVET in Malaysia. Retrieved August 13, 2018, from

Children Statistics, Malaysia, 2017. (2017, November 15). Retrieved August 13, 2018, from

CPSC Membership

Partner Ministry/Organization Department of Polytechnic Education (DPE), Ministry of Higher Education (MoHE)
Liaison Officer Mr. Imran Abdullah
International Relations Division
Ministry of Higher Education
Putrajaya, Malaysia
Recent Programs Held in the Country 2016: In-Country Program on Quality Assurance in TVET through APACC Accreditation. April 25-29, 2016.
2015: Joint Training Program on Automotive (Vehicle Electrical, Engine Management System and Introduction to Hybrid Technology) Course. March 31 to April 17, 2015.
2014: (1) Regional Program on Quality Assurance through International Accreditation in Malaysia. November 4-5, 2014 (2) In-Country Program on Integrating Sustainable Development to TVET. August 18-22, 2014.
2013: In-Country Program on Public-Private Partnership- the New Dimension of Industry-Institution linkages. November 24-28, 2013.
Ambassador H.E. Dato' Raszlan Abdul Rashid
Ambassador of Malaysia to the Republic of the Philippines
Address of Embassy/Consulate in Manila 107 Tordesillas Street,
Salcedo Village
Makati City, Philippines


GDP (billions) $ 302.748 million (nominal; 2015), 38th
GDP Per Capita $9,501 (nominal; 2015)
Currency Malaysian Ringgit (MYR) = 100 Sen
Major Exports electrical & electronic products, palm oil, liquefied natural gas, petroleum, chemicals, machinery, vehicles, optical & scientific equipment, manufactures of metal, rubber, wood and wood products
Major Imports electrical & electronic products, machinery, chemicals, petroleum, plastics, vehicles, manufactures of metal, iron and steel products
Major Industries Electronics, Rubber and Palm oil processing, Pharmaceuticals, Medical technology, Smelting, Logging, Timber processing, Petroleum production, Petroleum refining
Major Export Partners Singapore 13.6%, China 12.6%, Japan 11.8%, United States 8.7%, Thailand 5.4%, Hong Kong 4.3%, India 4.2%, Australia 4.1% (2012)
Major Import Partners China 15.1%, Singapore 13.3%, Japan 10.3%, United States 8.1%, Thailand 6.0%, Indonesia 5.1%, South Korea 4.1% (2012 est.)
Foreign Exchange Reserves $77.4 billion (2017)
Inflation 3.0%
Population below Poverty Line 1.0%
Gini Coefficient 43.1 (moderately unequal)
Competitiveness Rank 25th
Ease of Doing Business Rank 23rd (out of 190)
Employment Rate 95.0% (2016, est.)
Unemployment Rate 5.0% (2016, est.)


president-muhammadMuhammad V (Yang di-Pertuan Agong) / (

Type of Government Federal parliamentary elective constitutional monarchy
Head of State Muhammad V (Yang di-Pertuan Agong)
Head of Government Najib Razak (Prime Minister)
Legislating Body/Bodies Parliament of Malaysia
Upper House: Dewan Negara
Lower House: Dewan Rakyat

Social Facts


Time zone UTC + 8:00
Human Development Index 0.779 (high, 62nd out of 180)
Literacy Rate 94.6% (men, 96.2%; women, 93.2%)
% of people with internet access 71.06% (approx. 21,553,214)
Life Expectancy 75 years (Males: 72.70, Females: 77.30)
Drives on the Left
Calling code +60
ISO 3166 code MY
Internet TLD .my