|No. of years of Primary Education||11|
|Major Universities||Universiti Malaya, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Universiti Teknologi Petronas, Universiti Utara Malaysia|
|Primary School Enrollment (Total)||2.68 Million (2016)|
|Tertiary School Enrollment (Total)||0.8 Million (2016)|
|Ministry/ Ministries Supervising Education||Ministry of Education, Ministry of Higher Education|
|Education as % of GDP||4.83% (UNESCO, 2016)|
|Current Education Minister (2018)||Dr Maszlee Malik|
|Agency Handling TVET||Ministry of Higher Education, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Human Resources, Department of Polytechnic and Community College Education|
|Current Head (TVET Agency CEO, Director or Officer-in-charge, 2018)||YBhg. Prof. Dato' Dr. Mohd Ismail bin Abd Aziz
Department of Polytechnic and Community College Education (DPCCE)
|Formal and non formal TVET System||Per the Education Act of 1996, education from the primary level through to the post secondary level is provided for Malaysians. Also included are teacher, special, religious, private, and technical education programmes.
The MOE has strengthened TVET within the secondary school level so that students at the Sijil Kemahiran Malaysia (SKM) level will also possess these skills, even if they did not perform well in the Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia (SPM) examination. Aside from the addition of 22 vocational subjects to national secondary schools, the MOE has enhanced the technical and vocational curriculum and boosted ties with the industry by attracting more enrollees into the vocational courses offered in technical secondary schools through campaigns and initiatives ,such as the Kuala Lumpur Declaration, to improve the perception of TVET. Further plans are in place to strengthen TVET lower down the educational levels, going as far down as upper-primary levels.
Figure 1. Malaysian Education Pathways
Note. Figure adapted from Study Malaysia. Retrieved from https://www.studymalaysia.com/education/top-stories/technical-and-vocational-education-and-training-in-malaysia
School leavers can venture into:
UPSR (Standard 6) leavers may undertake PAV, followed by vocational colleges and training institutes. The qualifications offered include certificate, diploma, Diploma Vokasional Malaysia (DVM), advanced diploma, and bachelor’s degree (vocational education).
Those who have completed SPM (upper secondary) can enroll at MOHE’s Kolej Komuniti, polytechnics or MTUN (Malaysia Technical University Network) for vocational education to pursue certificate, diploma and advanced diploma qualifications. The STPM/Matriculation school leavers and Diploma holders can advance to MTUN’s bachelor’s degree qualifications.
Outside the formal sector, the Ministry of Human Resources (MOHR), has been driving the training sector with the introduction of 14 industrial training institutes (ITIs), with the objective of increasing the pool of Knowledge workers (K-workers), who would possess technical, social, and learning competence through apprenticeship programmes in various key industrial skills.
|Types of NVQS||Malaysian Qualifications Agency (MQA) Accredited:
|Levels of NVQS||There are five levels of skills qualifications as defined by the National Skills Qualification Framework, as shown below.
Table 1. Definition of Skills Qualification Level 1 to 5
Note. Reprinted from Study Malaysia. Retrieved from https://www.studymalaysia.com/education/top-stories/technical-and-vocational-education-and-training-in-malaysia
|TVET Financing||Double Deduction Incentive for Training (DDIT) and Human Resource Development Fund (HRDF)|
|TVET Reforms||The Malaysian Government has pushed for reforms to TVET in the country.
Human Resources Minister M Kula Segaran was quoted as saying “There are about seven Ministries which are involved in TVET training. There must be a stop to the overlapping of the various TVET [functions] in the country, in which we spend nearly RM4.5 billion yearly. There is also the issue of the under-utilisation of the TVET function, as there is a 30% vacancy in most TVET [institutions].”
Kula Segaran said his Ministry, which has the most TVETs in the country, will assist Nurul Izzah, the TVET Taskforce Chairperson and PKR Vice-President, in the reform process.
Technical and vocational education and training (TVET) in Malaysia. (2016, October 12). Retrieved August 13, 2018, from https://www.studymalaysia.com/education/top-stories/technical-and-vocational-education-and-training-in-malaysia
Surendran, S. (2018, June 25). Government steps up efforts to reform TVET in Malaysia. Retrieved August 13, 2018, from http://www.theedgemarkets.com/article/government-steps-efforts-reform-tvet-malaysia
Children Statistics, Malaysia, 2017. (2017, November 15). Retrieved August 13, 2018, from https://www.dosm.gov.my/v1/index.php?r=column/cthemeByCat&cat=333&bul_id=WGlmVnppZ2J6b2hGZHFQMmxWQ2UwUT09&menu_id=U3VPMldoYUxzVzFaYmNkWXZteGduZz09
|Partner Ministry/Organization||Department of Polytechnic Education (DPE), Ministry of Higher Education (MoHE)|
|Liaison Officer||Mr. Imran Abdullah
International Relations Division
Ministry of Higher Education
|Recent Programs Held in the Country||2016: In-Country Program on Quality Assurance in TVET through APACC Accreditation. April 25-29, 2016.
2015: Joint Training Program on Automotive (Vehicle Electrical, Engine Management System and Introduction to Hybrid Technology) Course. March 31 to April 17, 2015.
2014: (1) Regional Program on Quality Assurance through International Accreditation in Malaysia. November 4-5, 2014 (2) In-Country Program on Integrating Sustainable Development to TVET. August 18-22, 2014.
2013: In-Country Program on Public-Private Partnership- the New Dimension of Industry-Institution linkages. November 24-28, 2013.
|Ambassador||H.E. Dato' Raszlan Abdul Rashid
Ambassador of Malaysia to the Republic of the Philippines
|Address of Embassy/Consulate in Manila||107 Tordesillas Street,
Makati City, Philippines
|GDP (billions)||$ 302.748 million (nominal; 2015), 38th|
|GDP Per Capita||$9,501 (nominal; 2015)|
|Currency||Malaysian Ringgit (MYR) = 100 Sen|
|Major Exports||electrical & electronic products, palm oil, liquefied natural gas, petroleum, chemicals, machinery, vehicles, optical & scientific equipment, manufactures of metal, rubber, wood and wood products|
|Major Imports||electrical & electronic products, machinery, chemicals, petroleum, plastics, vehicles, manufactures of metal, iron and steel products|
|Major Industries||Electronics, Rubber and Palm oil processing, Pharmaceuticals, Medical technology, Smelting, Logging, Timber processing, Petroleum production, Petroleum refining|
|Major Export Partners||Singapore 13.6%, China 12.6%, Japan 11.8%, United States 8.7%, Thailand 5.4%, Hong Kong 4.3%, India 4.2%, Australia 4.1% (2012)|
|Major Import Partners||China 15.1%, Singapore 13.3%, Japan 10.3%, United States 8.1%, Thailand 6.0%, Indonesia 5.1%, South Korea 4.1% (2012 est.)|
|Foreign Exchange Reserves||$77.4 billion (2017)|
|Population below Poverty Line||1.0%|
|Gini Coefficient||43.1 (moderately unequal)|
|Ease of Doing Business Rank||23rd (out of 190)|
|Employment Rate||95.0% (2016, est.)|
|Unemployment Rate||5.0% (2016, est.)|
|Type of Government||Federal parliamentary elective constitutional monarchy|
|Head of State||Muhammad V (Yang di-Pertuan Agong)|
|Head of Government||Najib Razak (Prime Minister)|
|Legislating Body/Bodies||Parliament of Malaysia
Upper House: Dewan Negara
Lower House: Dewan Rakyat