maldives


TVET System

No. of years of Primary Education 7
Major Universities Maldives National University
Primary School Enrollment (Total) 43,800 (2016, UNESCO)
Tertiary School Enrollment (Total) 6100 (2014, UNESCO)
Ministry/ Ministries Supervising Education Ministry of Education
Education as % of GDP 4.25% (2016, UNESCO)
Current Education Minister (2018) Dr. Aishath Shiham
Agency Handling TVET TVET Authority, Maldives Polytechnic
Current Head (TVET Agency CEO, Director or Officer-in-charge, 2018) Ms. Aminath Asra
Director
Technical and Vocational Education and Training Authority (TVETA)
TVET System of Maldives TVET in Maldives was initiated as a department in Ministry of Human Resources, Youth and Sports in 2007, and funded through an ADB project. Since then, TVET has transformed into the TVET Authority under the Ministry of Education in 2010, and is now the national regulatory body of the TVET programs conducted in the Maldives.

The Maldives skills based training delivery is comprised of 2 choices for a Two Track, Demand Driven TVET System. Institution Based training and Employer Based Training are equally recognized pathways or tracks to develop a career based on skills training.

maldives_figure1

Figure 1. The Two Track Demand Driven TVET System of Maldives
Note. Figure reprinted from UNESCO, by Noordeen. Retrieved from https://unevoc.unesco.org/up/Maldives_Country_Paper.pdf

The country relies on two systems to regulate and implement TVET:
  • First is the Maldives Polytechnic and the TVET Authority in Maldives. In an attempt to increase skill based trainings, a skill training program named “Dhasvaaru” has been introduced to 12 schools, and in 2015, TVET system was introduced in schools all over Maldives.
  • Other initiatives to further integrate the youth into the TVET system come from the Ministry of Education, Ministry of Youth and Sports, and the Ministry of Tourism. A tripartite cooperation tapped the involvement of the tourist resorts and introduced a program named “Step” to train more youths for employment in the tourism industry.
Figure 2 illustrates the impact of the introduction of TVET into schools nationwide, as TVET graduates, particularly female, have increased extraordinarily since 2015.

maldives_figure2

Figure 2: Number of TVET Graduates Sorted Based on Gender
Note. Figure reprinted from National Vocational Qualifications and Certifications System of Maldives, by Riyaz. Retrieved from National Vocational Qualification Systems of CPSC Member Countries 2017, CPSC.
Qualification Framework Maldives National Qualifications Framework (MNQF)

The Maldives Accreditation Board (MAB) was created by a Presidential Decree in 14th August 2000 and renamed as Maldives Qualifications Authority (MQA) on 17th May 2010.

MQA’s mandate is to assure the quality of post-secondary qualifications awarded in recognition of educational attainments. Thus, a framework called the Maldives National Qualifications Framework (MNQF) was developed in 2001.

The Maldives National Qualification Framework is a framework targeted to incorporate the elements of the academic pathway and the vocational pathway. For example, a student having a certificate level 3 in Academic field can join a program of certificate level 4 in Vocational field. As well as, a student having a certificate level 4 in Vocational field can join a program of certificate level 5 in Academic field. The process of revising the MNQF V1.0 began in 2005, and after extensive research and discussions with experts and concerned authorities, the process was completed in February 2009 to form the revised MNQF V2.0; (generally referred to as “MNQF 2009”) and came into effect when MAB formally endorsed it in September 2009.

The shift from a ‘time-based’ to a ‘competency-based’ system is one of the fundamental features of the strengthened framework. In the MNQF V2.0, quality and content were given precedence over duration and hours. The MNQF V2.0 also incorporated a broader and more coherent technical and vocational qualification.
Levels of NVQS The Maldives Qualification Framework has 10 levels. As mentioned in the MNQF, each level has a defined entry criteria which a student must fulfill in entirety to gain admission. The table below describes the different MNQF levels, their Qualifications, and entry criteria.

Table 1. The Maldives Qualification Framework
Level Qualification(s) Minimum Credits General Entry
Level 1 Certificate I 10 credits(3 weeks full-time)
  • Completion of Basic Education AND
  • Ability to communicate in the language of instruction
Level 2 Certificate II 30 credits(10 weeks full-time)
  • Completion of Basic Education OR
  • Attainment of a Level 1 qualification
Level 3 Certificate III 40 credits(15 weeks full-time)
  • Completion of Basic Education OR
  • Attainment of a Level 2 qualification
Level 4 Certificate IV / Advanced Certificate 120 credits of which 90 credits at Level 4(1 year (30 weeks)full-time)
  • Successful completion of Lower Secondary Education OR
  • Attainment of a Level 3 qualification
Level 5 Diploma 120 credits of which 90 credits at Level 5(1 year (30 weeks) full-time)
  • Successful completion of Higher Secondary Education OR
  • Attainment of a Level 4 qualification in a related field OR
  • Attainment of a Level 4 Foundation Study Program approved for the specific Diploma program.
Level 6 Advanced Diploma/ Associate Degree 240 credits of which 90 credits at Level 5 and 90 credits at Level 6 (2 years (60 weeks) full-time)
  • Successful completion of Higher Secondary Education OR
  • Attainment of a Level 4 qualification in a related field OR
  • Attainment of a Level 4 Foundation Study Program approved for the specific
  • Diploma program
Professional Certificate 40 credits (15 weeks full-time)
  • Attainment of a related qualification at Level 5
Level 7 Bachelor’s Honours Degree 480 credits of which a minimum of 150 credits at Level 7; from which at least 15 credits to be awarded for research related projects or modules (4 years full-time)
  • Successful Completion of Higher Secondary Education OR
  • Attainment of a Level 4 qualification in a related field OR
  • Attainment of a Level 4 Foundation Study Program approved for the specific Diploma program.
Professional Diploma 120 credits of which 90 credits at Level 7 (1 year (30 weeks) full-time)
  • Attainment of a related qualification at Level 6
Professional Certificate 40 credits(20 weeks full-time)
Graduate Certificate / Post Graduate Certificate 60 credits (20 weeks full-time)
  • A related Bachelor’s Degree
Level 8 Graduate Diploma / Post Graduate Diploma 120 credits (1 year (30 weeks) full- time)
Level 9 Master’s Degree 120 credits(1 year (30 weeks) full-time)
  • A related Bachelor’s Degree OR
  • A related Graduate Diploma at Level 8
  • Attainment of a related qualification at Level 8
Level 10 Doctoral degree 360 credits(3 years full-time)
  • Attainment of a related qualification at Level 9
Higher Professional Diploma 120 credits (1 year (30 weeks) full- time)
Higher Professional Certificate 60 credits (20 weeks full-time)
Note. Adapted from National Vocational Qualifications and Certifications System of Maldives, by Riyaz. Retrieved from National Vocational Qualification Systems of CPSC Member Countries 2017, CPSC.
TVET Financing TVET in maldives is usually funded by the Ministry of Education or the Asian Development Bank (such as the Employment Skills Training Project or ESTP). There are also programmes like the Skills Training and Employment Program (STEP) that are initiatives of the Government of Maldives and Tourism Industries.

References:

Riyaz, A. (2017). National Vocational Qualifications and Certifications System of Maldives. In National Vocational Qualification Systems of CPSC Member Countries(pp. 105-114). Manila: CPSC. doi:978-971-8557-98-3

Noordeen, M. (n.d.). Innovative Practices in TVET towards Education for Sustainable Development. Retrieved from https://unevoc.unesco.org/up/Maldives_Country_Paper.pdf

TVET Authority – Technical & Vocational Education & Training Authority. (n.d.). Retrieved August 29, 2018, from http://tvet.gov.mv/

CPSC Membership

Partner Ministry/Organization Maldives Qualifications Authority
Liaison Officer Ms. Aminath Asra
Director
Maldives Qualifications Authority
2nd Floor, Velaanaame
Male, Maldives
Recent Programs Held in the Country 2015: In-Country Program on “Strategies for the Promotion of TVET”, and National Seminar on “Innovative Practices and Strategies for Improving Capacity of the TVET Systems in Maldives”. April 5-9, 2015.
2014: In-Country Program on Competency-Based Education and Training (CBE&T). March 23-27, 2014.
2013: Special In-Country Program on "Champion Leaders Development Program For TVET Skills For Poverty Alleviation". March 31-April 4, 2013.
2011: In-Country Program on Competency-Based Training and Assessment. June 12-16, 2011.
Ambassador Dr. Guillermina "Mina" Tapia Gabor
Honorary Consul of the Republic of Maldives to the Philippines
Address of Embassy/Consulate in Manila Honorary Consulate of the Republic of Maldives
No. 1 Sta. Escolastica Street corner Roxas Boulevard
Pasay City, Philippines

Economy

maldives money

GDP (billions) $3.270 billion (nominal: 160th; 2015 est.)
GDP Per Capita $8,969 (nominal; 2015)
Currency Maldivian Rufiyaa (MVN) = 100 Laari
Major Exports fish
Major Imports petroleum products, ships, foodstuffs, clothing, intermediate and capital goods
Major Industries fish processing, tourism, shipping, boat building, coconut processing, garments, woven mats, rope, handicrafts, coral, sand mining
Major Export Partners United Arab Emirates 28%, Singapore 16%, India 9%, Sri Lanka 6%, Thailand 5% (2014)
Major Import Partners Singapore 18%, United Arab Emirates 18%, India 9%, Malaysia 8.3%, China 6.7% (2014 est.)
Foreign Exchange Reserves $540 million (2016)
Inflation 2.5%
Population below Poverty Line 16.0%
Gini Coefficient 37.4 (moderately equal)
Competitiveness Rank N/A
Ease of Doing Business Rank 135th (out of 190)
Employment Rate 88.70% (2016, est.)
Unemployment Rate 11.30% (2016, est.)

Politics

maldives-president-abdullah-yameenAbdullah Yameen (http://www.adaderana.lk)

Type of Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Head of State Abdulla Yameen (President)
Head of Government Abdulla Yameen (President)
Legislating Body/Bodies People’s Majlis

Social Facts

maldives-peopleImage from http://en.mihaaru.com

Time zone UTC + 5:00
Human Development Index 0.706 (high, 103rd out of 180)
Literacy Rate 99.8% (men, 99.8%; women, 98.8%)
% of people with internet access 54.46% (approx. 198,018)
Life Expectancy 78.5 years (Males: 76.9, Females: 80.2)
Drives on the Left
Calling code +960
ISO 3166 code MV
Internet TLD .mv