|No. of years of Primary Education||7|
|Major Universities||Maldives National University|
|Primary School Enrollment (Total)||43,800 (2016, UNESCO)|
|Tertiary School Enrollment (Total)||6100 (2014, UNESCO)|
|Ministry/ Ministries Supervising Education||Ministry of Education|
|Education as % of GDP||4.25% (2016, UNESCO)|
|Current Education Minister (2018)||Dr. Aishath Shiham|
|Agency Handling TVET||TVET Authority, Maldives Polytechnic|
|Current Head (TVET Agency CEO, Director or Officer-in-charge, 2018)||Ms. Aminath Asra
Technical and Vocational Education and Training Authority (TVETA)
|TVET System of Maldives||TVET in Maldives was initiated as a department in Ministry of Human Resources, Youth and Sports in 2007, and funded through an ADB project. Since then, TVET has transformed into the TVET Authority under the Ministry of Education in 2010, and is now the national regulatory body of the TVET programs conducted in the Maldives.
The Maldives skills based training delivery is comprised of 2 choices for a Two Track, Demand Driven TVET System. Institution Based training and Employer Based Training are equally recognized pathways or tracks to develop a career based on skills training.
Figure 1. The Two Track Demand Driven TVET System of Maldives
Note. Figure reprinted from UNESCO, by Noordeen. Retrieved from https://unevoc.unesco.org/up/Maldives_Country_Paper.pdf
The country relies on two systems to regulate and implement TVET:
Figure 2: Number of TVET Graduates Sorted Based on Gender
Note. Figure reprinted from National Vocational Qualifications and Certifications System of Maldives, by Riyaz. Retrieved from National Vocational Qualification Systems of CPSC Member Countries 2017, CPSC.
|Qualification Framework||Maldives National Qualifications Framework (MNQF)
The Maldives Accreditation Board (MAB) was created by a Presidential Decree in 14th August 2000 and renamed as Maldives Qualifications Authority (MQA) on 17th May 2010.
MQA’s mandate is to assure the quality of post-secondary qualifications awarded in recognition of educational attainments. Thus, a framework called the Maldives National Qualifications Framework (MNQF) was developed in 2001.
The Maldives National Qualification Framework is a framework targeted to incorporate the elements of the academic pathway and the vocational pathway. For example, a student having a certificate level 3 in Academic field can join a program of certificate level 4 in Vocational field. As well as, a student having a certificate level 4 in Vocational field can join a program of certificate level 5 in Academic field. The process of revising the MNQF V1.0 began in 2005, and after extensive research and discussions with experts and concerned authorities, the process was completed in February 2009 to form the revised MNQF V2.0; (generally referred to as “MNQF 2009”) and came into effect when MAB formally endorsed it in September 2009.
The shift from a ‘time-based’ to a ‘competency-based’ system is one of the fundamental features of the strengthened framework. In the MNQF V2.0, quality and content were given precedence over duration and hours. The MNQF V2.0 also incorporated a broader and more coherent technical and vocational qualification.
|Levels of NVQS||The Maldives Qualification Framework has 10 levels. As mentioned in the MNQF, each level has a defined entry criteria which a student must fulfill in entirety to gain admission. The table below describes the different MNQF levels, their Qualifications, and entry criteria.
Table 1. The Maldives Qualification Framework
|TVET Financing||TVET in maldives is usually funded by the Ministry of Education or the Asian Development Bank (such as the Employment Skills Training Project or ESTP). There are also programmes like the Skills Training and Employment Program (STEP) that are initiatives of the Government of Maldives and Tourism Industries.|
Riyaz, A. (2017). National Vocational Qualifications and Certifications System of Maldives. In National Vocational Qualification Systems of CPSC Member Countries(pp. 105-114). Manila: CPSC. doi:978-971-8557-98-3
Noordeen, M. (n.d.). Innovative Practices in TVET towards Education for Sustainable Development. Retrieved from https://unevoc.unesco.org/up/Maldives_Country_Paper.pdf
TVET Authority – Technical & Vocational Education & Training Authority. (n.d.). Retrieved August 29, 2018, from http://tvet.gov.mv/
|Partner Ministry/Organization||Maldives Qualifications Authority|
|Liaison Officer||Ms. Aminath Asra
Maldives Qualifications Authority
2nd Floor, Velaanaame
|Recent Programs Held in the Country||2015: In-Country Program on “Strategies for the Promotion of TVET”, and National Seminar on “Innovative Practices and Strategies for Improving Capacity of the TVET Systems in Maldives”. April 5-9, 2015.
2014: In-Country Program on Competency-Based Education and Training (CBE&T). March 23-27, 2014.
2013: Special In-Country Program on "Champion Leaders Development Program For TVET Skills For Poverty Alleviation". March 31-April 4, 2013.
2011: In-Country Program on Competency-Based Training and Assessment. June 12-16, 2011.
|Ambassador||Dr. Guillermina "Mina" Tapia Gabor
Honorary Consul of the Republic of Maldives to the Philippines
|Address of Embassy/Consulate in Manila||Honorary Consulate of the Republic of Maldives
No. 1 Sta. Escolastica Street corner Roxas Boulevard
Pasay City, Philippines
|GDP (billions)||$3.270 billion (nominal: 160th; 2015 est.)|
|GDP Per Capita||$8,969 (nominal; 2015)|
|Currency||Maldivian Rufiyaa (MVN) = 100 Laari|
|Major Imports||petroleum products, ships, foodstuffs, clothing, intermediate and capital goods|
|Major Industries||fish processing, tourism, shipping, boat building, coconut processing, garments, woven mats, rope, handicrafts, coral, sand mining|
|Major Export Partners||United Arab Emirates 28%, Singapore 16%, India 9%, Sri Lanka 6%, Thailand 5% (2014)|
|Major Import Partners||Singapore 18%, United Arab Emirates 18%, India 9%, Malaysia 8.3%, China 6.7% (2014 est.)|
|Foreign Exchange Reserves||$540 million (2016)|
|Population below Poverty Line||16.0%|
|Gini Coefficient||37.4 (moderately equal)|
|Ease of Doing Business Rank||135th (out of 190)|
|Employment Rate||88.70% (2016, est.)|
|Unemployment Rate||11.30% (2016, est.)|
|Type of Government||Unitary presidential constitutional republic|
|Head of State||Abdulla Yameen (President)|
|Head of Government||Abdulla Yameen (President)|
|Legislating Body/Bodies||People’s Majlis|